The Long-term plan for research and higher education 2019-2028 (white paper) sets the course for policy development and investment in research and higher education for all sectors in Norway. Clean energy is one of five long-term priorities in the plan. Link to the Long-term plan: St. 4 (2018–2019) – regjeringen.no.
Within clean energy technology, three research and innovation areas are particularly focused by the Government in 2021 and onwards; offshore wind, hydrogen and carbon capture and storage (CCS). Norway is a leading country in CCS technologies. The Norwegian Parliament has recently made the decision to invest in the project “Longship”, which includes CO2 capture from two industrial sources and storage offshore. Norway is also experienced when it comes to hydrogen technologies, in particular production. We aim to increase both hydrogen R&D and the number of pilot and demonstration projects in order to reduce costs and enable technology development. The Government issued a Hydrogen Strategy in June 2020: The Norwegian Hydrogen Strategy, and it will launch a Hydrogen Roadmap in June 2021.
The national Energi21 RD&D strategy from 2018 puts forward six key areas for increased energy technology investment and efforts:
Digitalised and integrated energy systems
Climate-friendly energy technologies for maritime transport
Solar power for an international market
Offshore wind power for an international market
Hydropower as the backbone of the Norwegian energy supply
Climate-friendly and energy-efficient industry, including Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
The Energi21 Board is currently reviewing the strategy, with an aim to present an updated strategy with possible new clean energy RD&D priorities and innovation needs by May 2022. The strategy is targeted towards value creation and efficient utilisation of resources in the energy sector in Norway. The review process will take into account national energy and climate goals, possibilities and challenges for the Norwegian energy community, in a global energy system perspective. Link to Energi21: Energi21 – National strategy for research and innovation within new climate friendly energy technology
The Norwegian Parliament has decided to support the development of the “Longship-project”. Longship is one of the first industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects to develop an open access infrastructure with the intent and the capacity to store significant volumes of CO2from across the European continent. Details about the Longship-project can be found through this link. Longship is part of a comprehensive CCS development policy also consisting of the R&D programme CLIMIT and the TCM test facility at Mongstad.
Through the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement, Norway is participating in a number of relevant EU programmes. Norway participates on an equal footing with EU Member States in the Horizon Europe research and innovation framework programme, i.a. Norway will increase its budgets to this programme and participate fully in the energy related parts of the programme. The Norwegian research and innovation policy on clean energy technologies is very well aligned with the priorities in Horizon Europe.