National Innovation Pathway
On 12 May 2021, the Federal Government of Germany passed draft legislation for an amended Federal Climate Change Act, setting more ambitious national climate targets. Most importantly, Germany has increased its 2030 climate target to 65 per cent reduction of its GHG-emissions compared to 1990 levels, has set a new climate target for 2040 (88 per cent reduction) and aims for climate neutrality by 2045. The new climate targets have been set to implement the new EU climate targets for 2030 at a national level and to comply with a decision of the Federal Constitutional Court that declared parts of the Climate Change Act unconstitutional. Through these new targets, Germany is creating national planning security, is contributing to the wider European ambition to become the first climate neutral continent, and also aims to foster global efforts to reach the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement.
The energy transition, or Energiewende, is an integral part of Germany’s strategy for reaching these goals. It is matched by a dedicated research agenda, set out in the 7th Energy Research Programme of the Federal Government. The programme addresses a broad spectrum of innovation needs in the context of the energy transition; funding priorities can be discerned in the yearly Federal Government Report on Energy Research. The national innovation pathway for Germany is also expressed in the National Energy and Climate Plan for Germany. Furthermore, through European innovation measures such as Horizon Europe and the SET-Plan, Germany is also contributing to clean energy innovation at a European level.
Germany intends to be a global leader in the realisation of a global green hydrogen economy. Green hydrogen is therefore the focus of Germanys involvement with MI2.0. Within its National Hydrogen Strategy Germany is investing billions of euros:
- Firstly, €7 billion for implementing the National Hydrogen Strategy, and
- Another €2 billion for fostering international cooperation in the field of hydrogen, half of which is to be invested by the end of 2023, and the other half between 2024 and 2033.
The Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy will be supported in its contributions to MI by the National Organisation for Hydrogen (NOW GmbH), Project Management Jülich (PtJ) and potentially other governmental or scientific organisations.