Clean Energy RD&D investments
The increase of MI 1.0
In line with the MI-doubling target, the public funding of The Netherlands for climate and energy innovation increased significantly since 2015 (baseline). Also, with the Climate Envelope in 2018, the Dutch cabinet assigned an additional M€300 per year for climate policy, with a focus on pilots and demonstration projects. Through the combination of increased public funding and the Climate Envelope, The Netherlands has more than doubled it original public funding for clean energy innovation (€112mln) in the third year of being a MI-member.
Investments in MI 2.0
As part of our current budget The Netherlands will sustain her doubled public investments of MI 1.0 in RD&D on Climate and Energy in the upcoming years (>€224mln per year).
Below your will find examples of these current budget allocations.
- The Dutch Research Council (NWO) commits €11 mln per year through the current Knowledge and Innovation Convenant 2020-2023. This budget is specifically for the Dutch missions within climate and energy, circular economy and sustainable mobility. This will be used for public-private collaboration in fundamental research on these missions.
- Furthermore, NWO facilitates a much wider range of broad fundamental innovation subsidy schemes for which proposals in line with these missions can apply.
- The Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research (TNO) determines the priorities of her research programs in interaction with the missions of the Dutch Climate Agreement. On average the programs concerning these missions receive €38mln funding per year in current budgets.
- The Dutch Topsector Energy facilitates public-private RD&D cooperation on the missions ‘renewable electricity’, ‘built environment’ and ‘industry’. Though assignments, project-oriented subsidy schemes and program-oriented subsidy schemes. The Topsector Energy schemes vary between €37mln and €49mln per year in current budget reservations. In the past this amount has been increased by the addition of Climate Envelope budgets (see last bullet).
- The Energy Innovation Demonstration grant scheme (DEI+) facilitates pilots and demonstration projects. For the missions ‘renewable electricity’, ‘built environment’ and ‘industry’, the basic budget is €25mln per year according to current budget reservations. In the past this amount has been greatly increased by the addition of Climate Envelope budgets (see last bullet).
- The Renewable Energy scheme (HER) facilitates development, pilots and demonstration projects aimed at cost reduction of emission-reducing technologies. The budget for the HER is €50mln per year according to current budget reservations till 2022.
- The Climate Envelope is a budget for climate policy, with a focus on pilots and demonstration projects. Budget is often allocated through existing subsidy schemes such as DEI+ and MOOI (see above). According to current budgets, it contains €35mln-€55mln per year for ‘renewable electricity’ RD&D (storage, conversion (for example hydrogen), system integration and spatial integration). Also, it contains €54mln-€85mln per year for ‘industry’ RD&D (hydrogen, CC(U)S, and emission reduction in industry)
- Furthermore, there is Climate Envelope budget available for RD&D in ‘built environment’, ‘mobility’ and ‘agriculture’.
Also, as part of current budget reservations, The Netherlands also has several subsidy schemes in place for RD&D on the missions ‘mobility’ and ‘agriculture’ and invests in clean energy RD&D through general/broad innovation subsidy schemes for which proposals in line with the missions of the Climate Agreement can apply.
It is, however, important to note that a new Cabinet and mentioned organizations always retain the right to adjust (priorities for) these budgets.
 (MOOI; a mission oriented subsidy scheme to facilitate integral integrated concepts to advance on the set missions for 2030)
 For example the Demonstration grant scheme on Climate Technologies and Innovation in Transport (DKTI-Transport)
 For example the Public-private partnership allowance for R&D (PPP-allowance)